Peterborough is situated 118.4 km north of London along the River Nene which flows into the North Sea 48 km to the north-east. It is a unitary authority, geographic county of Cambridgeshire, England. According to the census done in 2011, Peterborough city has a population nearly around 183,631. In the 19th century, when railways arrive the population of the Peterborough start increasing. The city became an industrial centre particularly in the manufacturing of brick. After the Second World War, the extension of the town was confined until it is designated as New Town. Industrial employment has decreased with a significant proportion of new jobs in commercial distribution and services.
Peterborough city is situated on the shoreline of the Fens. Fens, a low-lying area of silt and peat and was drained and developed between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Now, Fens is known for its prominent fertility and extensive agricultural production. Various region’s products are prepared in the factories of Peterborough city. Peterborough city's growth in the 19th century is the result of the draining of the Fens, the expansion of England’s largest brickworks and the arrival of the railway. For distributing trades and warehousing, Peterborough city has become a favourite location.
The Peterborough School is an independent school established in 1895. It is situated at Westwood House rendering education to students up to the age of 18. For higher education, Peterborough has two colleges naming City College Peterborough and Peterborough Regional College. Established in 1946, Peterborough Regional College attracted more than 15,000 students each year. It is ranked among the top colleges of the United Kingdom. After Swindon, this city has become the second largest centre of the population without its own higher education institution in the United Kingdom. In 1906, Andrew Carnegie (Scottish Philanthropist) funded the former public library on Broadway.
Since 1934, the local football team of the Peterborough city is Peterborough United Football Club (also known as The Posh). The town of Peterborough also has groups for various other games such as cricket, football, hockey, ice hockey, rowing, and rugby. Different sporting world personalities of the Peterborough city are: