Jersey is a crown dependency situated south of England’s coast and 19 km west of the Cotentin peninsula of France. According to the 2011 census, this island has a population nearly around 97,857. In individual terms, people of Jersey are recognised as Jerseyman or Jerseywoman, and in general, they are known as Islanders. The island of Jersey is the greatest of the British Channel Islands. It is about 16 km across and 8 km from north to south. St. Helier, the capital of Jersey, is 160 km south of Weymouth, England. Under a constitutional monarch, Jersey is a self-governing parliamentary democracy. The island of Jersey has its own judicial, financial and legal systems. The queen of the United Kingdom appoints a lieutenant governor to see the administration work of the Jersey.
Jersey has an international individuality distinct from that of United Kingdom. Constitutionally the UK is responsible for the defence of Jersey. It is not completely a part of European Union. It is a European Territory within the Union, and the United Kingdom has the responsibility to manage the external relationships. The services sector is considered as the leading sector of Jersey's economy. Tourism, hotels, restaurants, communications and transport are some of the financial services acknowledged socially prominent in the economy of the island. Agriculture, retail and wholesale and construction are some of the leading business in Jersey.
The government of Jersey is a Council of Ministers, including nine ministers and a Chief Minister. Two assistant ministers can be appointed by each minister. The Bailiff is the presiding officer of the States Assembly, head of the judiciary. As a civic head of the Jersey, Bailiff can carry out several ceremonial roles. The Assembly of the States of Jersey is the unicameral legislature. There are total 49 elected members including 29 deputies, 12 Connetables and eight senators. The Bailiff, Solicitor General, the Dean of Jersey, the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey and the Attorney General are the five non-voting members appointed by the Crown.
The island of Jersey is distributed into 12 parishes. The name of each parish is named after the Christian saints. Some of them are Saint Brelade, Saint John, Saint Peter, Trinity, Saint Lawrence and Saint Mary. Elected at a public election, the Connetable is the head of each parish.
Jersey renders education through state schools following the curriculum same as that of England. It also supports private schools. There are 31 primary schools. Six schools and colleges offer options for post-16 education. Jersey has Highlands College, rendering part-time and evening courses. This college works collaboratively with the University of Plymouth, the Open University and London South Bank University. It is recognised as the most significant sixth form provider in Jersey.
Students who want to qualify as Jersey advocates and solicitors, Jersey’s Law School render course for them. Through the International Programmes, it offers education to students enrolled in the LLB degree programme of the University of London. The Jersey International Business School is one of the private sector higher education provider in Jersey.
The climate of the Jersey Island is temperate with mild winters. Due to water, the Atlantic Ocean has a moderating effect on temperature in Jersey. In the year 2003, the highest temperature was recorded in Jersey which was 96.8 °F. During the summer months, the island is slightly cooler than the southern and central parts of England. In winter, there is a warming impact on the coastal region and cooling impact in summer. Records regarding the yearly pattern of climate are kept by the official met office which can be used for future reference.