Teesside city is situated in the north east of England. According to 2011 census, the city has a total population of 376,633; it is 3% more than the population of 2001. It has a larger population base in the urban area of the town, and rural area is transforming into urban one. Teesside urban area had Billingham, Middlesbrough, Redcar, Wolviston, High Clarence, Thornaby-on-Tees, Ingleby Barwick and Stockton-On-Tees as its subdivisions. This city is a significant centre for heavy industry. Steelmaking and chemical manufacture industries have been replaced by high technology activities, service sector roles and science development. The commodity dominates industries in the Teesside city. Industries are established on the three large chemical sites at Wilton, Seal Sands and Billingham around the estuary of the River Tees. Products manufactured by these companies include petrochemicals, fertilisers, commodity chemicals and polymers. The technology of the city has attracted employment opportunities for the city. People are moving towards services sector of this city as the income growth is high.
The town also has a teesport that is based on the River Tees. Amongst the ten biggest in Western Europe, it is recognised as the third largest port in the United Kingdom. More than 56 million tonnes of goods are handled by this port annually. Goods associated with the petrochemical, chemical and steel processing industries are merchandised at the port. The Europe goods are also dependent upon this mode of transportation. Various gulf and Asian countries also do import and export through this route. International Airport of Teesside city was renamed to Durham Tees Valley Airport in the year 2004.
In the year 1974, Teesside borough was incorporated into the non-metropolitan county of Cleveland. Hartlepool and Gainsborough town was also included in this. Teesside area was divided among the boroughs of Langbaurgh, Middlesbrough and Stockton-On-Tees. In 1996, Banham Review recommended the division of the county of Cleveland into four independent unitary authority boroughs of Stockton, Redcar and Cleveland, Hartlepool and Middlesbrough. The local people did not appreciate this promotion. According to them, the local government is doing the unnecessary and unwanted rebranding. In the year 1998, the Darlington Borough became an autonomous unitary authority.
The town has Teesside University rendering quality education to students. According to the 2015-16 HESA student record, the university has nearly about 18,576 students. It is one of the prominent UK Universities for working with business. Teesside University has 85 years of teaching excellence. Teesside University provides accommodation for first-year undergraduate students. These rooms are within walking distance from the university campus. The name of the university was replaced by Teesside University in the year 2009. In the same year, in the Times Higher Education Awards, it was awarded Outstanding Employer Engagement Initiative and was named as the University of the Year. For outstanding work in the field of business and enterprise engagement, Teesside University was awarded a Queen’s Anniversary Prize. In the new Teaching Excellence Framework of government, the University was granted a silver rating in 2017.
Teesside University has below mentioned academic schools:
The town has one popular Teesside Park retail complex established in 1988. Split between the unitary authorities of Middlesbrough and Stockton-On-Tees; it is located near the A66/A19 interchange. Retail parks include H&M, McDonald’s, Next, Thompson and many more whereas leisure parks include Pizza Hut, Burger King, Rainbow Casino, etc. These parks have become extremely popular among tourists visiting the Teesside city.