Wolverhampton city is a metropolitan borough with a total population of 249,470 according to the 2011 census. The city was founded in 985 by Wulfrun. The name of the Wolverhampton city is also named after Wulfrun. The city of Wolverhampton developed as a market town in the woollen trade. The city became the hub for lock making, steel production and for manufacturing motorcycles and cars during the industrial revolution. The economy of the Wolverhampton is based on engineering and service industry. Variety of products are manufactured, including rubber tires and paints. The city of Wolverhampton forms the second most substantial part of the West Midlands Conurbation. There are no major rivers in the Wolverhampton town. The city lies on the Midlands Plateau at 535 ft. above sea level. The city is home to immigrants from the South Asia and West Indies.
Wolverhampton city council locally governed the majority of the city. South Staffordshire District Council governed the smaller parts of the urban area. Three MPs represent these areas in the national United Kingdom parliament. Wolverhampton city council is recognised as a unitary authority. It is a single-tier and renders services of both county council and borough to the district.
In 1777, when the parliament enacted the Wolverhampton Improvement Act; city gained the beginnings of modern local government. Reform Act 1832 established Wolverhampton parliamentary borough. Three new single-member constituencies replace the original borough under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
Under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, the city of Wolverhampton was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1849. In the year 1889, Wolverhampton was made a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888. During the reorganisation of local government in 1974, Wolverhampton becomes one of the two county boroughs with Liverpool for not making changes to the boundary.
The city has the University of Wolverhampton providing higher education to the students. It has gained the status of the university in 1992 and has over 23,000 students. The oldest active school in the United Kingdom is Wolverhampton Grammar School founded in 1512. The Royal Wolverhampton School and Tettenhall College are some other historic schools.
In the year 1847, St. Peter’s Collegiate School was established. The building of the college is adjacent to S. Peter’s Collegiate Church. It is the ancient educational institution in the city of Wolverhampton. The college has excellence in sporting, academic and culture. Record-breaking goal scoring footballer Arthur Rowley and Ben Godfrey, works as a TV presenter and reporter on Midlands Today, are the previous students of this college.
Iron, automobiles, manufacturing, engineering and steel industries had dominated the economy of Wolverhampton city. However, service sector such as education, public administration and health has dominated the economy by 2008. Wolverhampton City Council is the largest single employer having more than 12,000 staff. Brewing, banking, education, retail and manufacturing are some of the other employers in the city.
Within the north-western part of the West Midlands Conurbation, the primary focal point for the road network is also created by the city centre. Wolverhampton City Council has the responsibility to maintain the road network within the city boundaries. A Ring Road around the Wolverhampton centre was also constructed. The city is also adjacent to multiple motorways. From multiple motorways, four are situated within 11 km of the city centre.
In 1849, Shrewsbury and Birmingham Railway opened the first station in the Wolverhampton city. It was closed in the year 1852 as it was constructed temporarily due to the delay in the opening of Wolverhampton High Level. To the east of high-level, Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway (OWW) was initiated.