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Inverness is a town and historic county of Inverness-shire, Scotland. It resides at the south-western end of the Moray Firth and the inlet of the River Ness. With Loch Ashie, Loch Dubtelchaig and Loch Ness to the west, Inverness is located at the end of the Great Glen. In the United Kingdom, Inverness is the most northern city. The population of Inverness town is nearly around 46,870. Inverness is regarded as the capital and the administrative centre of the Highlands for the Highland council area. Inverness is considered as the fastest growing cities in Europe. It is the educational, commercial and tourist centre of a large area and has light engineering, food-processing and woollen industries.
Among 1998 and 2008, with an increase of 86% Inverness and the central highlands showed the second highest growth in the United Kingdom. According to a survey conducted by property website in the year 2014, Inverness recognised as the second happiest place in Scotland and the United Kingdom.
Until 1975, Inverness was county town and an autonomous royal burgh. The royal burgh became one of the eight districts within the highland region when it was immersed in a new area of Inverness. Inverness district of the county, the Aird district of the province and the royal burgh mutually make a new district. The Western Isles and the Highland region are other new districts to which the rest of the county was divided.
Connected with Inverness town, the three trunk roads are the A9 road from the South and North, from Aberdeen on the A96 road and the A82 road from the South West. The Inverness Airport is situated 15km east of the city. It has scheduled flights beyond the United Kingdom to the airports of the north of Scotland, Belfast, Manchester, London and the islands to the west. Taxis and buses are available from the airport into the Inverness city.
The railway station of Inverness town is situated in the city centre. From the south, there are direct services to London, Edinburgh and Glasgow. The Caledonian Sleeper that departs six times a week connects Inverness city to London Euston. The Virgin Trains East Coast operated Highland Chieftain connecting Inverness city to London King's Cross. Inverness railway station is a short walk away from the Inverness bus station.
Inverness Gaelic Primary School is a specialised institution of the town which is located in Slackbuie. Inverness Royal Academy, Culloden Academy, Inverness High School and Millburn Academy are some of the secondary schools available in Inverness. Inverness College in the city renders higher education to students. Plans for a new Business Research and Development and academic campus have been in place with the college. This 200-acre campus is recognised as one of the most significant developments for Inverness and situated at Beechwood. UHI is a partnership or combination of research centres and colleges. It will bring strength to the whole institution if there is an improvement of any partner. The new campus is estimated to contribute over £50m to the economy. It will attract those commercial businesses who are interested in R&D.
The climate of the Inverness is oceanic. Inverness is recognised as the driest regions in Scotland due to its sheltered location. As compared to South-eastern Britain the environment of Inverness is much colder. There is sufficient rainfall in Inverse, and the weather has mild differences between highs and lows. The city sees nearly around 18.3 days of snow falling per year. In January 2010, 1 foot 2 inches snowfall was recorded in Inverness.